Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is particularly useful for nursing low birth weight infants (infants with a birth weight below 2500 g). More than 2.7 million newborns die each year, accounting for 44% of children dying before the age of five years worldwide. Kangaroo mother care is recommended for the routine care of newborns weighing 2000 g or less at birth, and should be initiated in health-care facilities as soon as the newborns are clinically stable. It is a potent technique to promote the health and general wellbeing of preterm as well as full-term infants. What Are the Essential Components of KMC? Methods 2.1. Conventional neonatal care of LBW infants is expensive and needs both highly skilled personnel and permanent logistic support. Kangaroo Mother Care is a method of care practiced on babies, usually on a preterm infant, where the infant is held skin-to-skin with his mother, father, or substitute caregiver. The KMC can go on as long as the mother, and the baby feels comfortable. Kangaroo mother care involves: Kangaroo mother care is recommended for the routine care of newborns weighing 2000 g or less at birth, and should be initiated in health-care facilities as soon as the newborns are clinically stable. 2. Definition, History, and Components of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is an alternative intervention for hypothermia among preterm infants by, keeping the baby close to the mother’s skin (Lawn, Mwansa-Kambafwile, Horta, Barros, & Cousens,2010). When the baby feels warm, the baby does not use its energy to stay warm. 2015; 6: 15-32. So, KMC may be practised in the following cases: Following are some of the advantages of Kangaroo Mother Care: 1. Instruct the parent to remove all jewelry and not wear any perfume, and discourage the use of cell phones during this time. Kangaroo Mother Care is needed to provide care and protection to the newborn baby, so that the baby may heal and grow naturally. As Nkhoma Hospital is often without electricity for long periods of time, Kangaroo Mother Care is an essential element of their newborn health program. 6. It is a powerful, easy-to-use method to promote the health and well-being of infants born … It can be started soon after birth and can be easily practised at home too. Babies have a heightened sense of smell, and they tend to suckle instantaneously. These low-birth-weight (LBW) infants are at increased risk of early growth retardation, infectious disease, developmental delay and death during infancy and childhood. As the name suggests Kangaroo Mother Care consists of keeping the baby in close skin-to-skin contact with his/her mother as practiced by female kangaroo animal for their babies. Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) was initially developed in Colombia as a way to keep stable preterm infants warm and decrease time spent in overcrowded hospital environments. The method involves skin-to-skin contact with the mother, father, or a caregiver. In institutional deliveries, the duration of facility stay is often short. Kangaroo Mother Care originally referred only to care of low birth weight and preterm infants, and is defined as a care strategy including three main components: kangaroo position, kangaroo nutrition and … All mothers can do KMC or Kangaroo Mother Care for their babies. What Is the Procedure of Kangaroo Mother Care? You also acknowledge that owing to the limited nature of communication possible on interactive elements on the site, any assistance, or response you receive is provided by the author alone. Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is particularly useful for nursing low birth weight infants (infants with a birth weight below 2500 g). Participants must be able to define what kangaroo mother care is; Reason for kangaroo mother care; Why kangaroo mother care is important and success stories. Campbell-Yeo M, Disher T, Benoit B, Johnston C. Understanding kangaroo care and its benefits to preterm infants.Pediatric Health, Medicine and Therapeutics. 3. The mother needs to consider the following before starting KMC for her baby: The procedure of skin-to-skin kangaroo care involves the following: 1. Helps the Mother to Fight Postpartum Depression: KMC is beneficial for mothers as well, as skin-to-skin contact with the baby helps the mother’s anxiety levels to go down. It benefits the baby by Keeping the baby warm Promoting and sustaining breastfeeding The direct skin contact also helps strengthen the bond between the mother and her baby. Your use of this site indicates your agreement to be bound by the Terms of Use. 2. Kangaroo Mother Care was first proposed by Rey and Mortinez in 1978 in Bogota, Colombia. Kangaroo Mother Care offers guidelines that are designed to guide mothers through the crucial first few weeks of a baby’s life. For comfort a small nappy is fine, and for warmth a cap may be used. Identifying barriers and facilitators for KMC practices in the community is the initial step for designing interventions appropriate for KMC success. 2. Kangaroo mother care: a systematic review of barriers and enablers; Effect of community-initiated kangaroo mother care on survival of infants with low birthweight: a randomised controlled trial; Improving survival of infants with low birthweight cared for outside hospitals; Survive and Thrive: Transforming care for every small and sick newborn Guidelines have been recently approved by the WHO Guidelines Review Committee, There is not yet any implementation information related to this intervention in GINA, Implementation of this intervention may contribute to the achievement of the following targets: Global nutrition targets Target 4: No increase in childhood overweight Target 5: Increase the rate of exclusive breastfeeding in first 6 months up to at least 50% Global NCD targets Target 7: Halt the rise in diabetes and obesity. Kangaroo Mother Care or KMC is a straightforward and easy practice to care for newborn babies, especially for preterm infants. It is recommended to seek professional medical help to know about the correct procedure of KMC. It’s recommended for premature or ill babies because they miss out on critical time in the womb where they would have constantly heard their mother’s soothing heartbeat, and been encapsulated in her body’s warmth and safety while getting continuous nourishment and care. The baby is positioned against a care giver's bare skin, naked other than a diaper and perhaps a covering on the back if necessary, usually a thin blanket or the parent's shirt. Kangaroo Care.Accessed 7/1/2020. March of Dimes. zzPut on a cap and socks on the infant. Research question for this study was what were barriers and facilitators to the implementation of Kangaroo Mother Care in the Community? 3. However, this technique is beneficial for all infants as it ensures that necessities like the mother’s warmth, protection, and breast milk are given to the baby. All rights reserved. KANGAROO MOTHER CARE 1.2 Kangaroo mother care – what it is and why it matters Kangaroo mother care is care of preterm infants carried skin-to-skin with the mother. Helps Baby to Sleep Better: Babies, who are in close contact with their mothers, tend to sleep better than babies who are in neonatal care units. How to administer Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC)? When and How Should You Start Toilet Training Your Little One? To establish breastfeeding and a good milk supply. Kangaroo Mother Care is an effective and safe substitute of incubators for preterm infants. 5. Kangaroo Mother Care is a broader package of care defined by the World Health Organization. This happens because the baby is less stressed and feels relaxed in the mother’s warmth. Kangaroo Mother Care or KMC is a straightforward and easy practice to care for newborn babies, especially for preterm infants. Any concerns or doubts about Kangaroo Mother Care can be discussed with your doctor. The baby is continuously kept in skin to … Being in close contact with the mother makes it easier for the child to adapt to the new surroundings. It is a potent technique to promote the health and … Kangaroo Mother Care (or skin-to-skin care), is a simple, easy method of caring for newborn infants where the mother uses her own body temperature to keep her infant warm. zzInfant should be safely wrapped to mother's body. Lawn JE, Mwansa-Kambafwile J, Horta BL, Barros FC, Cousens S. Ruiz JG, Charpak N, Castillo M, Bernal A, Ríos J, Trujillo T, Córdoba MA. They patiently take the new mothers through the steps of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) to support and hasten the growth of their prematurely born babies and those born underweight. Skin-To-Skin Contact or Kangaroo Position: Kangaroo position involves the infant coming in skin-to-skin contact with the mother. When autocomplete results are available use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. The infant is placed on the mother’s chest, between her breasts. Newborns weighing 2000 g or less at birth should be provided as close to continuous Kangaroo mother care as possible. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, African Index Medicus (AIM), [Latin American and Caribbean Health … Kangaroo care is a technique of direct skin - to - skin contact between mothers (or fathers) and their premature infants. 8. Kangaroo Mother Care (or skin-to-skin care) is a method of caring for newborn infants. Breast-feeding success rate is only 20% while in KMC babies it is exclusive breast feeding (3). Feeding Pillow – Benefits and How to Use It, Walking During Pregnancy- Benefits, Safety, and Risks, Top Fifty 7-Letter Names for Girls and Boys, 60 Popular Lithuanian Last Names or Surnames, 25 Quotes and Sayings for Your Baby’s Baptism Ceremony, Enhancing Your Preschooler’s Ball-Playing Skills. 6 Vaastu-Approved Ideas For Kids’ Rooms To Keep Your Child Healthy and Happy! What Can Mothers Do While Starting Kangaroo Mother Care? Kangaroo babies will also need supportive care for infections and other complications, including supplemental oxygen and referral to a higher level of care when needed. Parenting.Firstcry.com accepts no liability for any errors, omissions or misrepresentations. Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is a way of caring for premature babies through skin-to-skin contact with their moms. KMC helps the baby to come in skin-to-skin contact with the mother that helps in regulating the body temperature. OBJECTIVE: Conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis estimating the association between KMC and neonatal outcomes. For premature or low birth weight babies in neonatal care, For low birth weight and full-term babies, For full-term babies or infants who are separated from their mothers due to some medical reasons. Kangaroo mother care has three essential components: 1. Helps in Bonding With the Father: KMC is very useful in building a bond between the father and the baby. Every year, more than 20 million infants are born weighing less than 2.5kg – over 96% of them in developing countries. Should you have any concerns about your health, or of that of your baby or child, please consult with your doctor. Broughton EI, Gomez I, Sanchez N, Vindell C. Cattaneo A, Davanzo R, Worku B, Surjono A, Echeverria M, Bedri A, et al. Newborns weighing 2000 g or less at birth should be provided as close to continuous Kangaroo mother care as possible. Kangaroo care is defined as a method of holding a nappy-clad infant in skin-to-skin contact, prone and upright on the chest of the parent. 7. Skin contact with the father has a calming effect on the baby and helps in better bonding. Intermittent Kangaroo mother care, rather than conventional care, is recommended for newborns weighing 2000 g or less at birth, if continuous Kangaroo mother care is not possible. 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